Knee Surgery and Replacement

What type of joint is the knee?

The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joint consists of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone), fibula and the patella (kneecap). A knee injury can keep you from doing day-to-day activities, like walking and even standing upright, without pain.

Undiagnosed knee injuries can worsen over time, causing more pain and greater difficulty with daily activities. It's important to seek help quickly if you are experiencing knee pain or a knee joint issue

Common Knee Injuries

Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis in the knee. While most common with those above the age of 50, it can occur in younger people as well. Osteoarthritis is the gradual wearing away of the cartilage in the knee joint.

Meniscal Tears and Injuries

The menisci are pieces of cartilage in your knee that provide a cushion between your shin and thigh bone. One of the most common knee injuries, a torn or damaged meniscus results in a popping sensation, pain, swelling, and difficulty straightening out your knee.

ACL Injury

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four ligaments connecting the shin bone to the thigh bone. ACL injuries are tears of this ligament, common amongst athletes in sports requiring sudden changes of direction.

Knee Bursitis

Knee bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa, which is a small sac of fluid cushioning the outside of the knee joint allowing tendons and ligaments to glide smoothly over the joint.


Fractures or breaks in the knee bones can occur from large impacts, typically car accidents or falls. Fractures are more common in those with osteoporosis whose bones are typically weaker.

Patellar Tendinitis

Patellar tendinitis is irritation and inflammation of the patellar tendon, connecting the quadriceps muscle to the shin bone. Runners, skiers, and cyclists are prone to developing patellar tendinitis.

patient meeting with dr. alexander about an injured knee

Alexander Orthopaedic Associates is the only orthopedic practice in the Tampa Bay area that specializes in outpatient joint replacement surgery.

Common Knee Surgery Procedures

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy is a common, minimally invasive procedure that is used to diagnose and treat many knee joint problems. The procedure consists of small incisions around the joint. Because the procedure is less invasive than traditional surgery, patients typically experience quicker results and resume daily activities sooner.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Total knee replacement is a procedure in which we replace an arthritic knee joint with a knee prosthesis/ artificial joint. Traditionally this procedure is performed in a hospital setting, however, at Alexander Orthopaedics, this procedure is often performed in the outpatient setting.

State-of-the-art surgery center, and recovery at home. Discover the Alexander Outpatient Advantage.

ACL & PCL Surgery

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are crucial to keeping your knee joint in place. They both connect your femur and tibia.

A torn ACL or PCL is typically accompanied with a loud popping sound, severe pain, swelling, and a feeling that your knee "gives way." A torn ACL or PCL is a painful but common injury and should be treated immediately.

The ACL and PCL reconstruction procedure involves small incisions around the knee and uses your own tissue or donated tissue to restore the affected ligament. Patients are typically able to return home quickly following surgery.

Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction (MPFL)

The medial patellofemoral ligament attaches your kneecap (patella) to your femur. When this ligament is injured, your kneecap may start to chronically dislocate. This can be an uncomfortable and painful experience and restrict simple movement like walking or even standing upright.

Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction (MPFL) is an outpatient procedure performed as part of a minimally invasive knee arthroscopy.

How long does a knee replacement last?

Common knee replacements can last upwards of 30 years when done properly without experiencing infections or other complications such as re-injury. At Alexander Orthopaedic Associates, we have developed proprietary surgical techniques to ensure better patient outcomes and longer-lasting knee replacements.  

If you need knee replacement surgery, we invite you to learn about how the Alexander Outpatient Advantage ensures our patients recover faster and in the comfort of their own home.

Knee surgery recovery process

With over 20 years of orthopedic surgical experience, we are the pioneers of the most innovative and effective surgical solutions for your knee joint injuries and conditions.

Alexander Orthopaedic’s mobile therapy team preps your home for safety precautions and comfort for recovery after surgery is completed.

Following the surgery, our mobile and medical therapy team visit the patient’s home to evaluate and ensure recovery goes well.

Benefits of outpatient knee replacement surgery

At Alexander Orthopaedics the majority of knee surgeries take place in our state-of-the-art outpatient surgery center. With our outpatient surgery centers, you have the opportunity to recover in your own home and return to your daily life quicker. The Alexander Outpatient Advantage provides assistance from surgery all the way through the recovery process for the highest quality of care.

Recovery starts here.

A member of our team will reach out to you within 24 hours.